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In pediatric dentistry there are two types of prefabricated crowns available. Stainless steel crowns are silver in color and have been used in the dental field for many years. Stainless steel is a durable material and adheres nicely to the tooth surface. A newer development of tooth colored crowns are the EZ pedo crown which are made up of zirconia, a type of ceramic. Crowns are typically recommended when a tooth has suffered extensive destruction or removal of an infected pulp. The primary teeth are eggshell thin and become brittle as you removed more tooth structure. The crown acts as a shield to protect the remaining tooth and also helps to preserve the space necessary for the permanent tooth that will eventually replace the primary molar.
Dentures are natural-looking replacement teeth that are removable. There are two types of dentures: full and partial. Full dentures are given to patients when all of the natural teeth have been removed. Partial dentures are attached to a metal frame that is connected to your natural teeth and are used to fill in where permanent teeth have been removed. Just like natural teeth, dentures need to be properly cared for. Use a gentle cleanser to brush your dentures, always keep them moist when they’re not in use, and be sure to keep your tongue and gums clean as well.
You have the option of a tooth colored filling known as composite and a silver filling known as amalgam. These two materials are great in there own forms. The composite is esthetically pleasing with a natural appearance, durable when placed; however, can easily fracture if placed in an area where high-pressure grinding, clenching or chewing occur. The longevity of this type of restoration is 8-10 years. Amalgam restorations are known for their strength in resisting breakage during grinding, clenching, and chewing. The application process is easier and typically faster. It is cost effective and has been used in the dental field for many years.
When decay becomes deep within the tooth, the pulpal tissues become inflamed and irritated. Sometimes your child present symptoms of a "tooth ache" and other times may not notice it at all. When the pulp is involved it is important to remove that infected tissue in order to preserve the tooth and reduce the risks for infection near the developing permanent tooth or an abscess to occur. The diseased tissue is removed, a sterilizing agent used to "mummify" the pulp and putty like material used to seal off the root chambers.